FA chairman David Bernstein called on the 208 Fifa member associations to stop Sepp Blatter being re-elected unopposed, but they voted by 172 votes to 17 not to postpone the election.
Fifa's senior vice-president Julio Grondona then launched a stinging attack, saying: "England is always complaining."
The Argentine head of Fifa's finance committee told the congress: "We always have attacks from England which are mostly lies with the support of journalism which is more busy lying than telling the truth. This upsets and disturbs the Fifa family.
"To present such a project as David Bernstein presented is like shooting a penalty because it cannot be always from the same place that the insults and problems come from.